Evolution of facial prosthetics: Conceptual history and biotechnological perspectives

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Florent Destruhaut http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1011-2212 Jean-Michel Caire http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5571-6469 Antoine Dubuc http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3927-6165 Philippe Pomar http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5978-1727 Christophe Rignon-Bret Adrien Naveau http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4199-0015


The reconstruction of cephalic defect and more precisely from the face is not a recent issue. Indeed, the use of facial masks in a symbolic perspective was reported in ancient Egypt. Few references to facial prostheses are then found. It is really only with the work of the French surgeon Ambroise Paré that the first surgical techniques concerning facial epithetics are described. Techniques and materials tend to evolve over the centuries. But then came WWI, which marked a major turning point and brought to light the broken faces and the impact of maxillofacial trauma. Rehabilitation became a major issue in society. The war was a driving force for change from both a surgical and prosthetic point of view, revealing in particular such brilliant designers as the American sculptor Anna Coleman Ladd. Today, the profession is undergoing a major upheaval, linked to the growing development of biotechnological constructions. This historical review aims to retrace the evolution of the rehabilitation of facial substance loss over the ages and to outline the prospects for the foreseeable future. (Int J Maxillofac Prosthetics 2021;4:2-8)

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DESTRUHAUT, Florent et al. Evolution of facial prosthetics: Conceptual history and biotechnological perspectives. International Journal of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, [S.l.], v. 4, p. 2-8, apr. 2021. ISSN 2432-3993. Available at: <https://ij-mp.com/ojs/index.php/ijmp/article/view/28>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2021. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26629/ijmp.2021.02.